Adult dependent relatives
This page explains how you can come to live permanently in the UK as an adult dependent relative of someone who is already a permanent resident here.
You can apply for permission to settle permanently here (known as 'indefinite leave to enter or remain') if you are:
- aged 18 or over; and
- a parent, grandparent, brother, sister, son or daughter of a British citizen or person settled in the UK.
Can you apply?
You can apply to join a settled person in the UK if:
- You need long-term personal care to perform every day tasks, such as washing and cooking.
- The care you need is not available in the country where you are living, either because it is not available and there is no person in the country where you are living who can reasonably provide it or it is not affordable.
- Your sponsor can show that he or she is able to provide adequate maintenance, accommodation and care for you without having to rely on public funds. Your sponsor will need to sign a sponsorship undertaking form to confirm that they will be responsible for your care without relying on public funds for a period of at least 5 years.
Applying for a visa
You can only apply if you are outside the UK. You must obtain a visa as an adult dependent relative before you travel here.
Depending on the country where you live, you may need to make your application online or using application form VAF4A. To find out which application method you should use, see 'More information' below.
You can download application form VAF4A and guidance notes from the right side of this page.
You must provide documents to support your visa application, including a sponsorship undertaking form signed by the British citizen or settled person on whom you are dependent (your sponsor). You can download guidance on supporting documents, and the sponsorship undertaking form, from the right side of this page.
There are particular application requirements if you are currently in the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man - see 'More information' below.
As part of your application, you will need to enrol your fingerprints and facial image (known as 'biometric information') at a visa application centre.
Select your country in our country finder to find out:
- how to apply in your country (including how to apply online);
- the location of our visa application centres;
- how long we generally take to process visa applications; and
- how your documents will be returned to you.
If your application is successful, you can find information about what will happen at the border (including customs requirements) in the Customs and travel information section.
Should you apply online or complete an application form on paper?
If you are applying for a visa from the following countries, you should apply using our online application system, Visa4UK:
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- British Virgin Islands
- Burkina Faso
- Cape Verde
- Cayman Islands
- Central African Republic
- Costa Rica
- Czech Republic
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Dominican Republic
- East Timor
- Equatorial Guinea
- French Guiana
- Guinea Bissau
- Hong Kong
- Ivory Coast
- Marshall Islands
- New Zealand
- Palestinian Authority
- Papua New Guinea
- Russian Federation
- Samoa and Western Samoa
- San Marino
- Sao Tome and Principe
- Saudi Arabia
- Sierra Leone
- Solomon Islands
- South Africa
- South Korea
- St Kitts and Nevis
- St Vincent and Grenadine
- St Lucia
- Trinidad and Tobago
- Turks and Caicos
- Vatican City
- Western Sahara
If you are applying for a visa from the following countries, you should apply by printing out an application form and completing it by hand:
- North Korea
If you are applying for a visa from the following countries, you can choose whether to apply using our online application system or by printing off the application form and completing it by hand:
- Sri Lanka
Family of British citizens and settled persons - visa application fees
|Husband, wife or civil partner
|Fiance(e) or proposed civil partner
|Unmarried or same-sex partner
|Armed forces dependent
|Child (under 18) dependant
|Adopted child dependant
|Child coming to the UK for adoption
| Family life as a parent
|Parent, grandparent or other dependant relative
What is the date of your application if you are applying from outside the UK?
The date of your application is the date when your application fee is paid to us. This will be the date shown on your payment receipt, which depends on how you paid for your visa application - for example, at a visa application centre or online.
Processing times - applications made outside the UK
The time required to process your visa will depend on the country where you are making your application.
Our Visa services section lists our recent processing times for different application types in each country around the world.
Applying from the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man
The Channel Islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Herm, Sark and Alderney) and the Isle of Man have their own immigration laws and policies. For immigration control, we consider that these islands are outside the UK.
If you are living in the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man, and the island authorities have given you permission to enter or stay there (also known as 'entry clearance' or 'leave to remain'), you cannot apply directly from the island for permission to enter the UK.
To apply for permission to enter the UK, you have 2 options:
- you can return to the country where you are normally resident (your 'home country') and apply from there for a visa to enter the UK; or
- if your permission to stay on the island is still current, and if UK immigration law allows you to 'switch' from your current immigration category on the island into this category, you can travel to the UK and apply from here. We will treat your current permission to stay as if it had been given by the UK authorities. You must apply to switch before your current permission to stay on the island expires. See the Common Travel Area page on our website for more information.
You may need to apply for a visa before you come to the UK from the islands. For more information, see section 2 of our Immigration directorate instructions, Chapter 1.
If you send more than one application, you will be charged the application fee for each application.